Mental health problems among young people are a major public health concern in every country. Worldwide it is estimated that about one in five adolescents experience a mental health problem annually, but rates are higher in low- and middle-income than in high-income countries. Modelled estimates available from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study show that mental disorder peaks during adolescence in Indonesia, with these disorders contributing 15% of the total disease burden experienced by people in this age group.
Reliable and valid psychometric instruments for early detection and to establish population burden, and distribution within communities, are crucial for effective clinical and public health responses. However, most measures used to detect symptoms of mental disorders have been developed and their psychometric properties established in high-income English-speaking countries. When applied among groups who speak languages other than English, these instruments cannot be assumed to have the same properties, including cut-off scores as among those in the original populations.
The primary goal of this project is to improve the mental health of young people in Indonesia. In order to identify people needing mental health and social care, and to establish population burden, each country requires local language, culturally appropriate and psychometrically robust screening measures that are acceptable to members of the community, health professionals and policy makers. This project will contribute a translated, culturally verified, pilot-tested and formally validated psychometric instrument the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale – Revised for the identification of common mental disorders among young people in Indonesia.