Sustainability and profitability of cocoa-based farming systems in Indonesia

As a major employer and source of export income, the cocoa industry value chain is crucial to Indonesia’s economic future. However, cocoa production has recently declined because the majority (over 85 percent) of cocoa plantings belong to small holders who have not implemented good agricultural practices and whose farm management is relatively non-intensive.

In addition ageing cocoa trees and exhaustion of soil nutrients (forest rent) have simultaneously caused a decline in national cocoa productivity. Labour constraints such as poor farmer health and nutrition are a key factor in the decline of cocoa production in Indonesia, however reliable data are as yet unavailable.

This project aims to identify the main constraints to productivity and sustainability of cocoa production in Indonesia, and to make recommendations that will address these issues.

Project Team

Professor David Guest

Professor David Guest

Professor of Plant Pathology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences

The University Of Sydney

Grant Vinning

Grant Vinning

International Marketing Specialist

Professor Merrilyn Walton

Professor Merrilyn Walton

Professor of Medical Education (Patient Safety), School of Public Health

The University of Sydney

Dr Kim-Yen Phan-Thien

Dr Kim-Yen Phan-Thien

Lecturer, School of Life and Environmental Sciences

The University of Sydney

Dr Peter McMahon

Dr Peter McMahon

Institute of Agriculture

The University of Sydney

Dr Nunung Nuryartono

Dr Nunung Nuryartono

Director of International Center for Applied Finance and Economics

Institut Pertanian Bogor

Dr Mohammad Iqbal Irfany

Dr Mohammad Iqbal Irfany

Lecturer

Institut Pertanian Bogor